Wunde Brustwarzen vom Stillen: Sofortige Hilfe

Sore nipples from breastfeeding: Immediate help

Sore nipples affect about 90% of breastfeeding mothers, especially in the first few weeks after birth, as the nipples adjust to the flow of breast milk. This painful experience can make breastfeeding challenging and diminish the joy of the early weeks with your baby, particularly if the nipples are affected.

Fortunately, there are proven methods to help alleviate the pain and heal the nipples. With proper care and a little patience, you can make the breastfeeding process more comfortable.

Causes of sore nipples

Sore nipples can be caused by various factors, often related to breastfeeding techniques. The most common cause is improper latching, where the baby is not properly latched onto the breast. Another reason can be an incorrect positioning of the baby's mouth, leading to excessive pressure on the nipple. Frequent changes in breastfeeding positions without guidance can also cause irritation. Additionally, factors such as a baby's tongue tie being too short or an infection like Candida can cause pain.

Incorrect latching technique

An incorrect latching technique can lead to significant pain and sore nipples.

Fact: Up to 90% of breastfeeding pain is due to improper latching.

Sit or lie down comfortably before latching your baby. Ensure that your baby opens their mouth wide and grasps a large portion of the nipple and areola.

Make sure your baby's chin touches the breast and their nose remains free to make it easier to drink the milk. This allows for a deeper latch and prevents unnecessary pressure on the nipple.

Dryness and friction

Dryness and friction can cause sore nipples, especially in the first few weeks after birth.

  • Air drying: Let your nipples air dry after breastfeeding.
  • Care products: Use lanolin-based creams specifically designed for breastfeeding mothers.
  • Nursing pads: Choose breathable breast pads that absorb moisture and keep the skin dry.
  • Gentle cleaning: Clean your nipples gently and avoid harsh soaps.

Ensure that your bra is made of soft, natural material.

You may need to try different nursing pads to find the ones that suit you best.

Immediate relief

One of the quickest methods to provide immediate relief is the use of cooling compresses. These are particularly effective in reducing swelling and alleviating pain.

Another option is using breast milk soaked pads. Soak a pad in your own breast milk and then place it on the affected nipple. This has a soothing effect and helps heal the skin naturally.

Healing ointments

An effective option for sore nipples is healing ointments specifically formulated for breastfeeding mothers.

These ointments, often made from lanolin or natural remedies such as calendula extract, have a soothing and moisturizing effect. Regular use helps regenerate the already strained skin and allows cracks to heal faster. Make sure to choose ointments free of perfumes and additives to avoid any additional irritation.

It is important to gently apply the ointment to the clean nipple after each feeding. Massage it in lightly so that it absorbs well. You don't need to wash off the ointment off before the next feeding, as it is safe for your baby.

If you are unsure or your symptoms do not improve despite using these methods, be sure to consult a midwife or lactation consultant to identify the causes and develop an appropriate solution. These professionals can provide valuable tips and may recommend a suitable medical ointment to help you breastfeed pain-free soon.

Warm compresses

Warm compresses can be remarkably effective in soothing sore nipples and promoting healing.

  1. Clean cloth diaper : Soak a clean cloth diaper in warm water.
  2. Application : Gently place the warm, moist compress on the affected nipple.
  3. Allow it to work : Leave the compress on for about 10-15 minutes.
  4. Allow to dry : Allow the nipple to air dry afterward before breastfeeding again.

The warmth has a relaxing effect and promotes blood circulation, which can accelerate healing.

You can apply this method several times a day, especially before breastfeeding, to relieve the discomfort.

Preventive measures

To avoid sore nipples from the outset, ensure that your baby is latched on correctly. A good latching technique minimizes pressure and friction points that are often the cause of pain.

Additionally, special nipple shields or hydrogel pads can be used during breastfeeding to reduce friction and protect the nipples.

Correct latching technique

The correct latching technique is crucial to prevent sore nipples and make breastfeeding comfortable for both you and your baby.

  1. Posture : Ensure that you and your baby sit comfortably. Use a nursing pillow for support if necessary.
  2. Mouth position : Your baby should have a large portion of the nipple and areola in their mouth.
  3. Nose and chin : Your baby’s nose and chin should touch the breast.
  4. Angle : Make sure your baby tilts their head slightly back and has a wide mouth angle.
  5. Reattach if painful : If pain occurs, gently detach the baby and try latching again.

A correct latching technique not only promotes pain-free breastfeeding but also supports an efficient sucking motion.

If you are unsure, consult a lactation consultant or midwife who can help you optimize the technique.

Regular practice and small adjustments can make a significant difference.

The correct breastfeeding position

A suitable breastfeeding position is essential to avoid sore nipples. Different positions can help make breastfeeding more comfortable.

The so-called "football hold" is particularly helpful when breastfeeding twins. You sit upright and place your baby at your side, so they reach you from the side. This can reduce pressure on sensitive areas of the breast and ensure balanced milk emptying.

Similarly helpful is the "cradle hold", where you hold your baby in your arm, similar to rocking them. Your baby should be facing you with their whole body close to you, allowing their mouth and breast to position optimally.

Try different breastfeeding positions and find out which works best for you and your baby. Changing positions can also help prevent blocked milk ducts. A lactation consultant or midwife can assist you in finding the right technique to make your breastfeeding time as comfortable and pain-free as possible.

When to see a doctor

If the pain persists, you should see a doctor.

It could be that your nipples are infected or that you are developing a more serious condition like mastitis, which needs to be treated. Do not ignore symptoms that last more than a few days.

Keywords such as "inflamed" and "swollen" are indicators for a medical examination.

Persistent pain

You should not ignore persistent pain.

Persistent pain can be a sign of deeper issues, ranging from an infection to an improperly latched breastfeeding position that leads to sore nipples in the long term. Similarly, breast thrush or blockages such as milk stasis can be the causes.

A doctor's visit is essential to determine if there is an inflammation present.

Early diagnosis is key - this way, timely measures can be taken to make the breastfeeding period pleasant again. A thorough examination helps identify and address causes the specifically. Therefore, do not ignore persistent complaints.

In everyday life, warm compresses, good breast hygiene, and special ointments prescribed by a doctor can provide relief. Do not hesitate to seek help from a lactation consultant or your midwife, who can offer additional support.

Signs of infection

Sometimes sore nipples can indicate an infection. Signs include redness, swelling, an unusual feeling of warmth and severe pain, especially while breastfeeding.

Pus discharge may occur.

Fever can also be a significant sign.

If you notice these symptoms, you should seek medical advice immediately.

There can also be recurring pain that does not subside despite treatment, indicating a deeper infection. Doctors will answer important questions regarding proper care and treatment.

Finally, be cautious if you suspect other conditions like mastitis or bacterial infections. Early detection and treatment help avoid serious complications.

Our helper for your breastfeeding period: